Alexander Mordvintsev, Christopher Olah, and Mike Tyka, recently posted a great research blog article where they tried to visualize what a image classification neural net “wants to see.” They achieve this by optimizing the input to correspond to a fixed pattern of neural net internal node activation. This generated truly beautiful and fascinating phantasmagorical images (or an “image salad” by analogy to word salad). It is sort of like a search for eigenfaces (but a lot more fun).
A number of researchers had previously done this (many cited in their references), but the authors added more good ideas:
- Enforce a “natural image constraint” through insisting on near-pixel correlations.
- Start the search from another real image. For example: if the net is internal activation is constrained to recognize buildings and you start the image optimization from a cloud you can get a cloud with building structures. This is a great way to force interesting pareidolia like effects.
- They then “apply the algorithm iteratively on its own outputs and apply some zooming after each iteration.” This gives them wonderful fractal architecture with repeating motifs and beautiful interpolations.
- Freeze the activation pattern on intermediate layers of the neural network.
- (not claimed, but plausible given the look of the results) Use the access to the scoring gradient for final image polish (likely cleans up edges and improves resolution).
From Michael Tyka’s Inceptionism gallery
Likely this used a lot of research code and a lot of GPU cycles (both of which they had easy access to at Google). The question is, can we play with some of the ideas on our own (and on the cheap)? The answer is yes.
I share complete instructions, and complete code for a baby (couple of evenings) version of related effects. Continue reading Neural net image salad again (with code)
I am going to come-out and say it: I am emotionally done with 32 bit machines and operating systems. My sympathy for them is at an end.
I know that ARM is still 32 bit, but in that case you get something big back in exchange: the ability to deploy on smartphones and tablets. For PCs and servers 32 bit addressing’s time is long past, yet we still have to code for and regularly run into these machines and operating systems. The time/space savings of 32 bit representations is nothing compared to the loss of capability in sticking with that architecture and the wasted effort in coding around it. My work is largely data analysis in a server environment, and it is just getting ridiculous to not be able to always assume at least a 64 bit machine. Continue reading I am done with 32 bit machines
There is no excuse for a digital creative person to not use some sort of version control or source control. In the past disk space was too dear, version control systems were too expensive and software was not powerful enough; this is no longer the case. Unless your work is worthless both back it up and version control it. We will demonstrate a minimal set of version control commands that will one day save your bacon. Continue reading Minimal Version Control Lesson: Use It
I tend to prefer command line Linux and full window OSX for my work. The development and data handling tool chain is a bit better in Linux and the user interface reliability of the complete vertical stack is a bit better in OSX. I repeat here a couple of tips I found to improve the OSX finder.
Continue reading Enhance OSX Finder
Re-read Fred Brooks “The Mythical Man Month” over vacation. Book remains insightful about computer science and project management. Continue reading “The Mythical Man Month” is still a good read
Having worked with Unix (BSD, HPUX, IRIX, Linux and OSX), Windows (NT4, 2000, XP, Vista and 7) for quite a while I have seen a lot of different software tools. I would like to quickly exhibit my “must have” list. These are the packages that I find to be the single “must have offerings” in a number of categories. I have avoided some categories (such as editors, email programs, programing language, IDEs, photo editors, backup solutions, databases, database tools and web tools) where I have no feeling of having seen a single absolute best offering.
The spirit of the list is to pick items such that: if you disagree with an item in this list then either you are wrong or you know something I would really like to hear about.
Continue reading Must Have Software