The user can now control which columns of a cdata control table are the keys, including now using composite keys (that is keys that are spread across more than one column). This is easiest to demonstrate with an example.
My BARUGrquery talk went very well, thank you very much to the attendees for being an attentive and generous audience.
(John teaching rquery at BARUG, photo credit: Timothy Liu)
I am now looking for invitations to give a streamlined version of this talk privately to groups using R who want to work with SQL (with databases such as PostgreSQL or big data systems such as Apache Spark). rquery has a number of features that greatly improve team productivity in this environment (strong separation of concerns, strong error checking, high usability, specific debugging features, and high performance queries).
If your group is in the San Francisco Bay Area and using R to work with a SQL accessible data source, please reach out to me at firstname.lastname@example.org, I would be honored to show your team how to speed up their project and lower development costs with rquery. If you are a big data vendor and some of your clients use R, I am especially interested in getting in touch: our system can help R users start working with your installation.
Many data scientists (and even statisticians) often suffer under one of the following misapprehensions:
They believe a technique doesn’t work in their current situation (when in fact it does), leading to useless precautions and missed opportunities.
They believe a technique does work in their current situation (when in fact it does not), leading to failed experiments or incorrect results.
I feel this happens less often if you are working with observable and composable tools of the proper scale. Somewhere between monolithic all in one systems, and ad-hoc one-off coding is a cognitive sweet spot where great work can be done.
We are pleased to announce a new free e-book from Manning Publications: Exploring Data Science. Exploring Data Science is a collection of five chapters hand picked by John Mount and Nina Zumel, introducing you to various areas in data science and explaining which methodologies work best for each.
We are pleased to release a new free data science video lecture: Debugging R code using R, RStudio and wrapper functions. In this 8 minute video we demonstrate the incredible power of R using wrapper functions to catch errors for later reproduction and debugging. If you haven’t tried these techniques this will really improve your debugging game.
A great number of readers reacted very positively to Nina Zumel‘s article Using PostgreSQL in R: A quick how-to. Part of the reason is she described an incredibly powerful data science pattern: using a formerly expensive permanent system infrastructure as a simple transient tool.
In her case the tools were the data manipulation grammars SQL (Structured Query Language) and dplyr. It happened to be the case that in both cases the implementation was supplied by a backing database system (PostgreSQL), but the database was not the center of attention for very long.
In this note we will concentrate on SQL (which itself can be used to implement dplyr operators, and is available on even Hadoop scaled systems such as Hive). Our point can be summarized as: SQL isn’t the price of admission to a server, a server is the fee paid to use SQL. We will try to reduce the fee and show how to containerize PostgreSQL on Microsoft Windows (as was already done for us on Apple OSX).
The Smashing Pumpkins “Bullet with Butterfly Wings” (start 2 minutes 6s)
“Despite all my rage I am still just a rat in a cage!”
The combination of R plus SQL offers an attractive way to work with what we call medium-scale data: data that’s perhaps too large to gracefully work with in its entirety within your favorite desktop analysis tool (whether that be R or Excel), but too small to justify the overhead of big data infrastructure. In some cases you can use a serverless SQL database that gives you the power of SQL for data manipulation, while maintaining a lightweight infrastructure.
We call this work pattern “SQL Screwdriver”: delegating data handling to a lightweight infrastructure with the power of SQL for data manipulation.
We assume for this how-to that you already have a PostgreSQL database up and running. To get PostgreSQL for Windows, OSX, or Unix use the instructions at PostgreSQL downloads. If you happen to be on a Mac, then Postgres.app provides a “serverless” (or application oriented) install option.
For the rest of this post, we give a quick how-to on using the RpostgreSQL package to interact with Postgres databases in R.